Early Hominid Languages
Even before their encounter with the Shard, the hominids possessed a language. Being only a small group, or at most a loosely scattered collection of tribes still in frequent contact with one another, there was only one language, albeit with some variations of dialect.
Commonly known today as Oriqédrosté, the language had no name of its own.
When they moved south across the Vorgrad Mountains and into central Tremaené they separated into three groups, which were ultimately to become the three species that evolved under the influence of the Shard. The one original language soon became three. In the east, under the shadow of the mountains, the tribes that were to become the Khoradni (Khor-Creaghni -- the people of the mountains), and who already used that word to describe themselves, spoke an early version of what was to become the Ancient Language (Ang-Lhúghor).
ní: this possessive indicator has, surprisingly, survived in many of the languages of Medísca. Some scholars have actually divided the languages according to the use made of this phoneme. Generally, it either became a word in its own right, often preceding the noun to which it applied, or else it became (in inflected languages) a suffix to the noun -- in other words, it evolved into an inflected case. In Ang-Lhúghor it became an inflection (as is already visible in Creaghni -- 'of the mountains'). Loegare preserves it as a separate word.
Languages of the Medícae
In the early stages of Medícae history, the development and spread of their languages reflects the spread of the Medícae themselves, and the initial division between those who went east across the seas and those who travelled west along the Khem valley resulted in the two primary language families of the Medícae. There are no records of the original eastern language, commonly referred to as Gestra-Vína (Proto-Eastern), although a few elements of it can be tentatively reconstructed. The earliest western language, spoken by the peoples of the Khem valley, has been partially preserved in some ancient inscriptions kept in the temples and palaces of the second Khemlath empire.
Medíscae languages recorded on this site
Languages of the Saeru
Although the Saeru are, like the Medícae, to be found scattered throughout all parts of the world, they are so long-lived that their language has changed very little over the centuries, and all the Saeru speak the same language, albeit in slightly variant dialects. The Saeru themselves divide their language into Older Saeru and Modern Saeru, and most Saeru can converse in both. Older Saeru is used mainly for rituals, or when reading old documents. The difference between the two languages can be thought of as similar to the difference between Chaucer's English and modern English. As with so much of Medíscan history, the dividing line between the two forms is taken to be the time of the Scarlet Empire.
Languages of the Khoradni
The Khoradni lived in scattered, widespread communities across the world. The language of each community has inevitably changed by the normal processes, and has usually also been influenced by other languages around it. As a result, the languages of the Khoradni are as numerous and distinct as those of the Medícae, possibly more so.
However, the deep reverence that all the Khoradni show to their ancestors has resulted in the careful preservation of their original language, even though it is only used on ceremonial occasions, for reading the ancient writings of their forebears, or for communicating with other Khoradni groups whose modern language is different. Unfortunately, over the ages the actual pronunciation of this language has changed in almost every Khoradni community (a common source of friction when disparate Khoradni tribes meet up, and each claims its own pronunciation as the one true pronunciation), and communication often ends up being carried out in writing, as the written version of the ancient tongue has remained unchanged.
Languages of the S'Seriakht
The S'Seriakht have always remained in one place, in the southern lands of Tremaené, and speak one language. It is widely believed (although the S'Seriakht themselves have never been known to speak on the matter) that they have always spoken the same language, and that it has not changed, at least in recorded history. Certainly the written language has not changed, because the most ancient S'Seriakht inscriptions are clearly, for those who can read them, in the same language and script and the most modern writings.